TMJ disorders or temporomandibular joint disorders are problems affecting the jaw joint that usually cause pain or reduced movement of the jaw. The condition may be caused due to various reasons and can be improved with simple treatments. If you too are experiencing pain in your jaw, or reduced jaw movement then a good dentist’s help must be sought. Here is an informative article on TMJ disorders, brought to you by Ridgetop Dental-the best dental clinic for expert services such as orthodontic treatments, cosmetic treatments, dental implants and root canal treatment in Bangalore.
What are temporomandibular joint disorders?
Temporomandibular joint disorders are problems that affect the jaw joint. The jaw joint is also known as temporomandibular joint (TMJ). It allows movement between the jawbone (mandible) and the skull. There are various medical terms for this condition – for example, TMJ dysfunction, TMJ pain and myofascial pain disorder.
Symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders
- Pain in the joint area or nearby areas, like in front of the ear, cheeks and temple
- Reduced jaw movement, general tightness in the area and the sensation of jaw getting stuck
- Clicking sounds coming from the jaw when a person chews something or moves his mouth
Causes of temporomandibular joint
There are usually a number of factors contributing to the cause. These factors can be either linked to the muscles working the joint or the problems inside the joint itself. The muscle problems are the most common type, particularly for younger people.
Problems with the muscles may be caused by overactivity of the jaw muscles, which can occur if you clench your jaw a lot during sleep, which is quite common. Stress may also trigger jaw muscle pain.
Problems in the joint may be caused by wear and tear to the inside of the joint, certain types of arthritis, injury to temporomandibular joint.
How is TMJ treated?
In many cases, no tests are necessary if you are healthy and have symptoms that are typical of a TMJ disorder. Possible treatment options according to Ridgetop Dental International’s best dental surgeons in Bangalore are:
Joint pain can be alleviated with simple treatments such as painkillers and advice on how to rest the joint. You can rest the joint by eating soft food and not using chewing gum. Avoid opening your mouth very wide. Massaging the muscles and hot fomentation helps. Also, avoid stress because stress makes pain worse. Splints, bite guards or braces for teeth are sometimes suggested.
If you are suffering from any of the symptoms listed above then visit Ridgetop Dental today. Timely intervention can save you from discomfort and help you lead a happy life.