Tooth decay happens when there is too much bacteria and plaque on your teeth and gums, and you are unable to practice proper oral hygiene, such as regular brushing, flossing, and routine visits to the dentist. It is among the most common oral problems occurring in about 91 percent of adults aged between 20 and 64. However, about one-third of those adults are unable to have it treated, causing the plaque and bacteria to eat at the pits and fissures of the teeth. Those areas are the deep grooves on the chewing surfaces of teeth.
Cavities on the pits and fissures are often deeper on molars, and the damage can be treated using fillings and restorative dental treatments. Early stages of pit and fissure cavities are found on the enamel, and they are treated by repairing white spot lesion with a specially formulated toothpaste. If the damage is already in the dentin, the dentist will repair it with crowns, composites, or fillings.
Pit and fissure cavity can be prevented, starting at home where you can brush your teeth at least twice a day for two minutes per session, especially after eating sugary or sweet food. Brushing must be done carefully and thoughtfully, since food can get stuck in the grooves of the chewing surfaces of your teeth. Plaque can form and accumulate on the pits and fissures, too, but it can be difficult to reach those places with a toothbrush. Hence, be sure to pay closer attention to the chewing surface of each tooth every time you brush your teeth.
The best dentists in Bangalore can help minimize your chances of developing severe pit and fissure cavities by treating any initial decay. Apart from applying standard scalings, the dentist may use a dental sealant, a protective coating that is usually made of clear or white plastic that can protect your molars and premolars. Dental sealants help keep food and plaque from entering teeth, and they are usually applied as early as childhood when permanent teeth come out from ages six to 12. They can be applied to adult teeth, too, especially when the dentists at Ridgetop Dental thinks it can help curb the need for restoration and fillings.